Acute/ Chronic/ Recurrent Iridocyclitis

Acute/ Chronic/Recurrent Iridocyclitis are sub-types of a condition called uveitis.

Uveitis is a condition causing inflammation of the middle eye or uvea. The uvea itself consists of three parts:

  • Iris: Colored ring of tissue in the middle of the eye, and can be seen directly when you look at a mirror
  • Ciliary body: Part of the middle layer of the eye located behind the iris and not directly visible in a mirror
  • Choroid: Also part of the middle layer of the eye located at the back of the eye and not directly visible in a mirror

Iridocyclitis is a type of anterior uveitis that involves the iris and ciliary body. It is a leading cause of visual impairment in many people. Symptoms include pain and redness in the eye, increased sensitivity to light, and blurry vision.

Types of iridocyclitis

  • Acute iridocyclitis: Sudden onset of inflammation of the iris and ciliary body. It may last for less than 3 months with the usual duration around 6 weeks.
  • Chronic iridocyclitis: Persistent inflammation of the iris and ciliary body. The condition lasts more than 3 months then recurs within 3 months of finishing treatment.
  • Recurrent iridocyclitis: Characterized by relapse and remission of the disease.

Iridocyclitis is mainly treated using steroids. Anti-infective medications may be needed if an infection is present.

NMC Eyecare

NMC Eyecare is a center that provides world-class eye care to its patients. NMC EyeCare’s strength is its core team comprising of certified, well experienced, compassionate ophthalmologists who have mastered the latest cutting edge technology advancements for managing a wide range of complex eye disorders, including acute/chronic/recurrent iridocyclitis.

Iridocyclitis can be treated with the help of:

  • Steroids (topical/periocular/intraocular injections/oral/intravenous)

For more information on acute/chronic/recurrent iridocyclitis, please contact NMC EyeCare.

Treatment of Acute/Chronic/Recurrent Iridocyclitis

Treatment strategy of iridocyclitis is directed to treat any underlying disease that may be a causal factor for iridocyclitis. Medications in the form of steroids are the main stay of acute/chronic/recurrent iridocyclitis treatment. Depending on the severity of the condition, your doctor may prescribe either steroid eye drops or steroid pills. Steroids in either form only suppress the inflammation by disrupting the normal functioning of the immune system, and do not cure the condition. Following are the different steroid treatment options for uveitis:

  • Topical Steroids: These include steroids containing eye drops and ointments. They help in reducing inflammation.
  • Periocular Steroids: These are provided in the form of injections and are applied locally around the eye. Periocular injections are used in specific situations, for example, when iridocyclitis cannot be controlled by eye drops alone.
  • Oral Steroids: Oral steroids are used in those severe cases of iridocyclitis in which drops or injections have failed to provide the needed relief.

For additional information on the treatment, please contact NMC EyeCare.