Myopic (Degenrations, Lattice, Holes)

Myopia is a common vision problem characterized by clear close vision, and blurry far vision. Many complications can occur as a result of myopia. A myopic eye is usually longer in shape, and can lead to a stretched retina (light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye).

Myopic Degeneration

The stretching of the retina can result in a condition called myopic degeneration. Additionally, as you age, pressure can build inside the eye and stretch the sclera (white of the eye). This can also lead to myopic degeneration. Symptoms may include decreased vision, headaches, flashes of light, floaters, and sensitivity to light.

It commonly begins in pre-teens and gradually results in decreased central vision. In most patients, the peripheral vision is not affected. Myopic degeneration can be associated with the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the macula (center of the retina) known as choroidal neovascularization, which can also contribute to loss of central vision.

Lattice Degeneration

Lattice degeneration is characterized by the thinning of the outer edges of the retina. This region of the retina appears in a crisscross pattern like that of a lattice, and occurs most commonly in people with myopia (shortsightedness). Lattice degeneration is often asymptomatic. Over time, it can lead to greater complications such as retinal detachment or retinal tear, characterized by the appearance of flashes of light, floaters, or loss of central or peripheral vision.

Macular Hole

A macular hole is a small tear in the macula and is a complication of high myopia. A macular hole can also occur with old age as the vitreous, a gelatinous fluid in the center of the eye, shrinks and pulls away from the retina. Holes appear as a result of stretching and thinning of the retina. Symptoms of macular holes usually occur only in one eye and may not be very obvious in the early stages. As the holes become bigger, a blind spot may develop in the field of your central vision and you may experience difficulty in seeing objects, both at close and long range.

Treatment option includes

  • Barrage Laser

For more information on the complications of myopia, please contact NMC EyeCare.